Design Primer

  • Summer:
    • Overhangs to fully shade in the summer
    • Keep building small because excessive floor area wastes heating and cooling energy
    • Light weight construction with slab on grade and operable walls and windows and shaded outdoor spaces
  • Winter:
    • For passive solar heating face most of the glass area south to maximize winter sun exposure
    • Sunny wind-protected outdoor spaces can extend living areas in cool weather (seasonal sun rooms, enclosed patios, courtyards, verandahs)
    • Organize floor plan so winter sun penetrates into daytime use spaces with specific functions that coincide with solar orientation
  • Cultural
    • Public portion toward the south, private portion toward the north
    • Mountains to the east and west
    • Roof eaves allow for maximum sunlight during the winter and minimum sunlight during the summer
  • Site Placement/Design Proposal
    • siteplansketch

Traditional Korean architecture has always been developed by adapting to the surrounding environment, which has very distinct cultural and climatic characteristics. In Korean architecture, according to the Fengshu order or geomancy, it is preferable to face low hills across a water source to the south and to be surrounded by high hills so you are protected from the wind from the north west. In terms of spacial organization, it is preferable to have an inner court which is surrounded by the main building boundary walls. This court protects from wind, crates shaded areas, and during the day time when the temperature is at its highest level the front courtyard is exposed to sunshine, however if there are trees the temperature will maintain at a comfortable level because of the shade.

Passive House is a new way of construction that share similar concerns with traditional Korean construction but in a more modern way. Just like traditional Koran construction Passive House building aims to revolutionize the comfort and efficiency of buildings by making sure there is a continuous balance of fresh air. This type of construction uses many operable windows and super insulated walls to maintain this balance of fresh air flow and also retain heat. This relates to the Korea incentive of placing buildings in between mountains and at a lower topography. This way they can still achieve fresh air flow without being exposed to raging winds that could disrupt the comfortable balance of hot and cold air.9848593

(http://www.egreengroup.com/passive-house.html)

Sources:

Passive House Building Strategies:

http://www.egreengroup.com/passive-house.html

Traditional Korean Architecture:

http://ac.els-cdn.com/0378778895009469/1-s2.0-0378778895009469-main.pdf?_tid=b68ebe4a-6f70-11e4-bd49-00000aab0f27&acdnat=1416349241_ec4c097f152086734b406c307caef18c

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